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Georgia's Reptiles and Amphibians

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Eastern Garter Snake

Thamnophis sirtalis


Found in Twiggs County, Ga


The Eastern Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) is a midsize terrestrial snake. It color pattern is very variable. It more formal pattern though is a dark body with a three striped lines. Some though will have a checkered like pattern on their back. The lines are usually a yellow, brown, or greenish appetence. Their color pattern though can vary greatly with range. Some will have a bluish color or greenish color, and on the other hand there are some that can be black or yellow. It really just depends on were you find them. I have seen some that are a reddish color. The average is from 2-3ft long and the longest recorded was just over 4ft long. The juveniles look identical to adults.



The Eastern Garter Snake is found in a variety of habitat that usually border water. Some habitats include around ponds, swamps, lakes, creeks, rivers, streams, drainage ditches, marshes, in rocky outcrops of the Mountains, and even in the everglades they are found. They can also be found in hardwood forest and pine forest but prefer more open grasses areas.



The Eastern Garter Snake prey apron primarily on amphibians including salamanders, frogs, tadpoles, and toads and also fish. They will also feed on mice, small snakes, small birds, earthworms, and shrews.


Abundance and Behavior:

The Eastern Garter Snake is a very common snake all over the Eastern United States. They are found in all of Georgia. They can be found in many backyards especially ones that border creeks and ponds. They are known for their tolerance for cold weather. They are one of the snakes that can be found the earliest and latest times of the year. They are found in the dead of winter sunning themselves on rocks. They are primarily diurnal (comes out during day) but during the summer they can be found on roads at night. They can also be found on roads and crawling during and after rain storms especially places were have a great frog population like a road that borders a swamp, marsh, river, ect...


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Live and Let Live

All photos are taken by myself unless noted otherwise. All photos are Copyright 2005-2006. If you would like to use any of my photos just email me and I will be happy to let anyone use them.


Need Help Identifing a Snake In your area? First though look through the photos of the snakes and if still have questions email me at and I will take a look at it. And most likely be able to get you a correct anwser. Also please do not send me pictures of snakes that have been choped up into pieces. This really distresses me and I have gotten several emails where there were people who showed me pictures of snakes that they killed and all have turned out to be non-venomous.


Never Pick Up, Handle, or Try To Kill Any Venomous Snakes! Most Bites Occur That Way! Never Pick Up A Snake That You Are Uncertain About!


Disclaimer!!! Please do not do anything you see me do on this website. Some of these animals are very dangerous and I understand the risk of working with them. The bite from some of these animals can easily kill me or do extreme harm. If you do want to get into venomous herpeculture please do as much research as possible about them before considering working with them. Also I would suggest getting proper training from professional before working with them too. I do not accept any responsibility for anyone elses actions.