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Georgia's Reptiles and Amphibians

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Corn Snake/Red Rat Snake

(Elaphe guttata guttata)


Found In Murray County, Ga


The Corn Snake (Elaphe guttata) also known as the Red Rat Snake colors vary with the body can be reddish, brown, yellowish, or orange. The corn snake is patterned with large blotches on its back which are outlined in black. The bellied of this snake is a black-and-white checkered board pattern that covers the whole body. It gets it name from the pattern on its belly that looks like native American Corn or Maize. The colors of this snake can vary from different regions. In the northern of its range it is much duller and darker looking than in the most southern part of its range. The corn snakes that are found on the coast are usually the ones that have the brightest red. The average size of a corn snake is around 2ft to 4ft long but has been measured at 6ft long.



The Corn Snake will live in a great variety of habitats including Pine/Hardwood Forest, elevated marsh hammocks, old abandon bridges, Evergreen Forest and rocky outcrops in the Appalachian Mountains, and in cane fields in south Florida. They also can be found in and around abandoned farms/houses. The also can be found in old rotten pine and hardwood trees.



The diet of a corn snake will include small mammals, lizards, birds and bird eggs, other snakes including their own species, and frogs.


Abundance and Behavior:

The corn snake is a very common snake. They have adapted well to human civilization, and they can easily be found in old log piles and under old wooden boards around the house. The one thing though is that corn snakes are very secretive snakes, and can be hard to find. They seem to be more common in the lower part of its range. The corn snake hibernates most of the winter in the Northern part of its range but in the most southern part of its range can be found active year round. I have personally found them in January down in Southern Florida. During the spring and fall they are primarily diurnal (active during the day), but they become primarily nocturnal (active during the night) during the summer.


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Live and Let Live

All photos are taken by myself unless noted otherwise. All photos are Copyright 2005-2006. If you would like to use any of my photos just email me and I will be happy to let anyone use them.


Need Help Identifing a Snake In your area? First though look through the photos of the snakes and if still have questions email me at and I will take a look at it. And most likely be able to get you a correct anwser. Also please do not send me pictures of snakes that have been choped up into pieces. This really distresses me and I have gotten several emails where there were people who showed me pictures of snakes that they killed and all have turned out to be non-venomous.


Never Pick Up, Handle, or Try To Kill Any Venomous Snakes! Most Bites Occur That Way! Never Pick Up A Snake That You Are Uncertain About!


Disclaimer!!! Please do not do anything you see me do on this website. Some of these animals are very dangerous and I understand the risk of working with them. The bite from some of these animals can easily kill me or do extreme harm. If you do want to get into venomous herpeculture please do as much research as possible about them before considering working with them. Also I would suggest getting proper training from professional before working with them too. I do not accept any responsibility for anyone elses actions.